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2009年重点名校高三英语单元复习检测试题19(含答案解析)


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2009 年重点名校高三英语单元复习检测试题 19(含答案解析) (含答案解析)
单项填空 1. The Internet has brought ________ big changes in the way we work.. A. about B. out C. back D. up 2. — How about eight o’clock outside the cinema? — That ________ me fine. A. fits B. meets C. satisfies D. suits 3. Mr. White ________ at 8:30 for the meeting, but he didn’t show up. A. should have arrived B. should arrive C. should have had arrived D. should be arriving 4. — I would never come to this restaurant again. The food is terrible! — _________. A. Nor am I B. Neither would I C. Same with me D. So do I 5. I do every single bit of housework ________ my husband Bob just does the dishes now and then. A. since B. while C. when D. as 6. I’m going to the supermarket this afternoon. Do you have anything ________ ? A. to be buying B. to buy C. for buying D. bought 7. — David has made great progress recently. — _______ and ________. A. So he has; so you have B. So he has; so have you C. So has he; so have you D. So has he; so you have 8. __________, she could hardly have any time to play with her little daughter. A. Busy as she was B. As was she busy C. was busy she D. As she was busy 9. No matter how much money you have, it can’t ________ a healthy body. A. match B. fit C. defeat D. compare 10. It’s important for us to employ a word or a phrase according to the _______ in language studies. A. situation B. expression C. condition D. translation 11. If you _______ finished, I’ll start clearing up. A. more or less have B. more and less have C. have more or less D. have more and less 12. — Jack, how did it _______ that you made so many mistakes in your homework? — I myself haven’t figured it out yet! A. bring about B. come about C. occur to D. get down 13. She looks sad. Could you please tell me _______ that prevents her from being as happy as before? A. it is what B. it is how
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C. what it is D. how it is 14. — Have you forgotten ____ a ruler from Wang Ling? — Oh, yes. But I’ll remember____ it to her tomorrow. A. borrowing; to return B. borrowing; returning C. to borrow; to return D. to borrow; returning 15. — You have promised to go, then why haven’t you got ready? — I ____ you want to go at once. A. haven’t realized B. didn’t realize C. don’t realize D. won’t realize 完形填空 If you were to begin a new job tomorrow, you would bring with you some basic strengths and weaknesses. Success or 16 in your work would depend, to 17 great extent, 18 your ability to use your strengths and weaknesses to the best advantage. _19 the utmost importance is your attitude. A person _20 begins a job convinced that he isn’t going to like it or is _21 that he is going to ail is exhibiting a weakness which can only hinder his success. On the other hand, a person who is secure _22_ his belief that he is probably as capable _23 doing the work as anyone else and who is willing to make a cheerful attempt _24 it possesses a certain strength of purpose. The chances are that he will do well. _25 the prerequisite skills for a particular job is strength. Lacking those skills is obviously a weakness. A bookkeeper who can’t add or a carpenter who can’t cut a straight line with a saw _26 hopeless cases. This book has been designed to help you capitalize _27 the strength and overcome the _28 that you bring to the job of learning. But in groups to measure your development, you must first _29 stock of somewhere you stand now. _30 we get further along in the book, we’ll be _31 in some detail with specific processes for developing and strengthening _32 skills. However, _33 begin with, you should pause _34 examine your present strengths and weaknesses in three areas that are critical to your success or failure in school: your _35 , your reading and communication skills, and your study habits. 16. A. improvement B. victory C. failure D. achievement 17. A. a B. the C. some D. certain 18. A. in B. on C. of D. to 19. A. Out of B. Of C. To D. Into 20. A. who B. what C. that D. which 21. A. ensure B. certain C. sure D. surely 22. A. onto B. on C. off D. in 23. A. to B. at C. of D. for 24. A. near B. on C. by D. at 25. A. Have B. Had C. Having D. Had been 26. A. being B. been C. are D. is 27. A. except B. but C. for D. on

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28. A. idea advantage 29. A. make 30. A. as 31. A. deal dealing 32. A. learnt learn 33. A. around beside 34. A. to with 35. A. intelligence D. weakness 阅读理解

B. weakness B. take B. till B. dealt B. learned B. to B. onto B. work

C. strength C. do C. over C. be dealt C. learning C. from C. into C. attitude

D. D. give D. out D. D. D. D.

(A) Have you ever lied to your parents that you came back late from school because you stayed to finish some homework when actually you went to play computer games or have fun with your friends? If students in Taiyuan Yuying High School in Shanxi Province lied in the past, they will not be able to do so in the future. A smart card, Electronic Identity Card, will be introduced this week at the school. The card, which contains a tiny chip, includes a student’s name, photo and their student number on the face of the card . With this ID, parents will know exactly when their kids arrive and leave the school via(通过) a mobile phone message or an email. “There’s a card reader equipped in each classroom. The system will send the information to students’ parents if they have applied for this service,” explained Kang Jinfeng, a technician in the school. The school hopes the card will make the students safer and better organized. “The environment around the campus has become busier with lots of things to distract (使分 心) students. Some students go to the Internet cafes nearby instead of going home immediately after school. Also, many parents worry about their children’s safety on the way home as there have been lots of student accidents recently,” said Fu Hongyan, headmaster of the school. Parents and students are eager to see how the new smart card works, for the school is the first one in the province to start the program. “Although I hope my child can manage his time well, this card will help me know more about him,” said Wang Liping, a Senior 3 student’s mother. Apart from information on attendance (出勤), parents will also be informed of their children’s performance, homework comments and examination results. Although parents welcome the move, some students think it will affect their freedom and privacy. “It seems that I am being watched over everywhere and every second. I used to play basketball after school, but now I may have to explain to my parents every day why I get home late. I want to be more independent to deal with my own things,” said Liu Jida, a Senior 3 student . “I would rather that my parents did not know my bad exam results, but the card will tell them everything about my studies,” complained Zhang Xu, a 17-year-old boy. 36. If the parents ______, they can use the information in the card reader.
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A. have a mobile B. have a computer C. have a TV set D. have applied for the service 37. The school will use Electronic Identify card for the sake of ________. A. money B. the safety of the school C. the management of the school D. the safety of the students and better organization 38. According to the article , _______ don’t like the new ID. A. the leaders of the school B. the teachers of the school C. the parents of the students D. some students 39. We can conclude from the text that there will be ________ students going to the Internet cafes nearby after school . A. more C. no B. fewer D. many

(B) Why you may wonder, should spiders be our friends? Because they destroy so many insects, including some of the greatest enemies of the human race. Insects would make it impossible for us to live in the world; they would devour (吞食) all our crops and kill our cattle, if it were not for the protection we get from insect-eating animals. We owe a lot to the birds and beast who eat insects, but all of them put together kill only a very small amount of the number destroyed by spiders. Moreover, unlike some of the insect eaters, spiders never do the least harm to us or our belongings. Spiders are not insects, as many people think, nor even nearly related to them. One can tell the difference almost at a glance, for a spider always has eight legs and an insect never more than six. How many spiders are engaged in the work on our behalf (利益)? One authority(权威人士) on spiders made a research on spiders and found that there were more than 2,250,000 in one acre (英亩); that is something like 6,000,000 spiders of different kinds on a football field. Spiders are busy for at least half the year in killing insects. It is impossible to make more than the wildest guess at how many they kill, but they are hungry creatures, not content with only three meals a day. It has been estimated that the weight of all the insects destroyed by the spiders in Britain in one year would be greater than the total weight of all human beings in the country. 40. Spiders should be our friends, because __________. A. they only eat harmful insects B. they are great insect-eating animals C. they destroy large numbers of insects which do harm to the human race D. their harmfulness is the least 41. One authority on spiders estimated ________. A. that there were more than 2,250,000 insects in a grass field in the south of England B. that every football field in England had 6,000,000 spiders. C. the quantity of different spiders in England was very big D. that there were 6,000,000 kinds of spiders on a football field 42. What does the underlined word “content ” mean in the article? It means ________. A. fed B. supplied
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C. disappointed D. satisfied 43. Which one of the following statements is the main idea? A. Spiders, the greatest insects-eating animals, protect us from being destroyed by harmful insects and they should be our friends B. Spiders are not insects but in fact animals. C. There are great numbers of spiders engaged in destroying harmful insects on behalf of the human race. D. The weight of the insects eaten by spiders in one year is greater than the weight of all people in England 对话填空 Z: I suppose the class size is bigger? M: That’s for sure, but the students in China are well (44) b_______ and listen carefully, so it’s not a problem. The biggest thing is (45) t_____ the teachers have a different approach in China — here the classes are a mixture of (46) b______ “students-centred learning” and the more traditional “teacher-centred learning”. Z: In what (47) w______? M: Well, some of my lessons are like in America: Mr. Dong asks a question or gives us a problem, then we talk about it and (48) t________ to discover an answer ourselves… Z: Mm, that’s student-centred learning, (49) r_________? M: Yeah, and other lessons are quite different; more. Well, for example, in some classes the teacher (50) o_____ us the information and goes through the question step by step. Then we do a similar exercise by (51) o______ for homework. Z: How do you feel about that? M: (52) A______ I like those lessons because I can make sure I really understand everything. Z: Yes, providing learners with a strong (53) b______ is one of the strengths of Chinese education. (44)____________ (45)____________ (46)____________ (47)____________ (48)____________ (49)____________ (50)____________ (51)____________ (52)____________ (53)___________

书面表达 假定你是李华。在最近的一次班会上,你班同学们就“高三学生是否需要吃补品来保持 健康”展开了讨论。请根据下表提供的信息用英语写一篇短文,并谈一些你自己的看法,给 某英语杂志投稿。 60%的同学认为 40%的同学认为 1.坚持锻炼,无需吃任何补品(tonic)。 1.高三阶段课业繁重,很多同学经常感到 疲劳 2. 过多摄入补品会增加体重, 对健康不利。 2.补品可以帮助恢复精力。 3.价格比较贵。 你的看法: 3.没时间锻炼身体。

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_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________

【答案解析】 答案解析】
【单项填空】 1. A。bring about:引起、带来;bring out: 拿出、取出; bring up:抚养大;bring back:拿 回。 2. D。fit:sth. fit sb. / sth.:穿得; suit:sth suit sb.:合意、称心。 3. A。should have done:本该……,表示一个过去应该发生而没有发生的动作。 4. B。第一句是否定句,且用了助动词 would。 5. B。while 在这里作“而”解释,表示前后两者对比。 6. B。to buy 在这里作后制定语,修饰 anything,但最好用:to be bought。 7. B。So sb. do / have / be:某人的确如此;So do / have / be sb.:某人也如此。 8. D。选择原因。A. Busy as she was:虽然她忙,主从句矛盾。 9. A。match sb. / sth.:与……相比; compare:compare A with / to B。 10. A。situation:情景; expression:(表达的)词句; condition:情况、条件; translation:翻译。 11. C。more or less:差不多、几乎,是副词,放于助动词之后。 12. B。come about:发生,= happen; bring about:引起、带来;Sth. occur to sb. = Sth. happen to sb. get down:下来。 13. C。强调句作宾语从句。 14. A。remember / forget doing:记得/忘记做过的事;remember / forget to do:记 得/忘记要做……。 15. B。didn’t realize:没料到、没想到、不知道……,讲过去的情况。 【完形填空】 16. C。本句的意思是:成功或失败在很大程度上取决于你是否能扬长避短。improvement 改进;victory 胜利;achievement 成果,成就。这三个词都不合题意,只有选项 C 最合适。 17. A。to a great extent 是固定短语,意思是“很大程度上”,符合题意。类似的说法 还有:to a large extent, to some extent, to an extent, to a certain extent, to that extent, to the extent of…。the, some, certain 都不能与 great extent 搭配。 18. B。on 与前面的 depend 构成本句谓语。

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19. B。of 与名词连用,表示具有某种性质,状态,做表语。置于句首,表示强调。正常语序 为:Your attitude is of the utmost importance. 20. A。A person 后应当是定语从句,“开始工作的那个人”。 21. C。本句的意思是“如果一个刚刚开始工作的人就深信自己不会喜欢或肯定不适应这项 工作,那么阻碍他成功的缺点就暴露出来了。”or 后面省略了主语 he。ensure 保证; certain 肯定的,只能用于 It 做主语的句子里;surely 确实地;sure 肯定的。 22. D。in one’s belief:相信。其它选项都不能与 belief 搭配。 23. C。capable of doing 是固定搭配,意为“能够干什么”。 24. D。attempt 用做名词,后接介词 at,意为“试图,努力”;如果后面接介词 on,表示 攻击的意思。其他两项都不能与 attempt 搭配。 25. C。本句的意思是“具有某一工作的必要技能是一个优势”此处应填句子的主语,故选 动名词 having。 26. D。本句主语是 A book ? keeper or carpenter…。根据主谓一致原则,其谓语应当用 单数 is,而不是复数 are。being, been 都是分词,应该排除。 27. D。on 与前面的 capitalize 搭配,表示“利用”。做不定式 help 的补语。其它选项不 能与 capitalize 搭配。 28. B。本句的意思是“克服缺点”,应选 weakness(缺点,弱点)。idea 观点;strength 优 点;advantage 优势。 29. B。固定短语 take stock of,意为“对……估价,对……作出判断”。 30. A。本句的意思是:“随着更深入的阅读”,从语法角度,此处应填关联词。四个选项 中,只有 as 能用做关联词。 31. D。选项 A, B, C 分别是 deal(处理,论述,涉及)的原形,过去分词及被动语态。根据 语法和语义,此处应填将来进行时,意思是“随着书中内容的进一步深入,我们将详 细论述发展和加强学习技能的具体过程。” 32. C。根据上下文,这里应当指“学习技能”。 33. B。固定短语 to begin with,意为“首先,第一”,常用做插入语。 34. A。谓语动词 pause 后,examine 又是动词原形,所以这里应当选 to,可构成动词不定 式,做目的状语。其余选项都是介词,不合题意。 35. C。本句对全文进行总结概括,与文章的开头相呼应,Of the utmost importance is your attitude 故选 attitude。
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【阅读理解】 36. D。从文章第二节第四行和地五行可知。 37. D。文章第二节最后一句。 38. D。第四节第五行 some students think it will affect their freedom and privacy 可知答案。 39. B。第三节中可推出答案。 40. C。文章第一节中:We owe a lot to the birds and beast who eat insects, but all of them put together kill only a very small amount of the number destroyed by spiders. 41. C。文章第三节。 42. D。从 they are hungry creatures, not content with only three meals a day 可知答案。 43. A。综合全文可知。 【对话填空】 44. behave 45. that 46. both 47. way 48. try 49. right 50. offers 51. ourselves 52. Actually 53. basis 【书面表达】 I’m writing to tell about the discussion we’ve had in the recent class meeting about whether Senior 3 students should take a lot of tonics to keep fit. Opinions are divided on the topic. Sixty percent of the students think it unnecessary to take any tonics. They hold the opinion that taking tonics will cause them to put on weight, which is bad for their health. What’s more, the price of tonics is rather high. However, forty percent of the students point out that Senior 3 students have a lot more homework to do every day. So many students get tired and tonics can help to refresh themselves. In addition, they can’t afford time to have sports. Personally, having right food is more important. The best way to stay healthy is to take exercise regularly.

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